History of Clothing
Timeline of Clothing and Textiles
Timeline of Clothing and Textiles
Timeline of clothing begins in prehistory when prehistoric people learned to use spindles to make yarn from fiber of plants and animals and when first primitive looms appeared. Clothes of that time were also made from leather.
- There are archeological findings found at Kostenki in Russia that prove that sewing needles were in use somewhere at that time.
Archeological findings of hard clay from circa
have impressions of textiles and basketry and nets.
Venus figurines from
have clothing on them.
There is evidence from
of flax cultivation in the Near East.
Oldest naalebinding examples found in Nehal Hemar cave, Israel, date from
. Naalebinding is a technique which uses short separate lengths of thread unlike knitting which uses continuous lengths of thread.
at Çatalhöyük in Anatolia woven textiles were used to wrap the dead.
Linen cloth was made since
in Ancient Egypt, along with other bast fibers including rush, reed, palm, and papyrus.
Naalebinding spreads to Northern Europe in
. Mesolithic examples were found in Denmark.
First breeding of domesticated sheep with a wooly fleece rather than hair was done in the Near East in
"Needle Knitting" first appeared in Peru from
. It is a form of naalebinding.
Earliest woodblock printing on silk began in China in
Earliest foot-powered loom was found at Tarsus and it dates from
Jia xie method for resist dyeing of silk using wood blocks was invented in China in
The first true knitting using continuous thread appeared in Egypt in
Silk burial cushion knit in two colors found in the tomb of Spanish royalty dating from
Purl stitch, which allows knitting of panels of material instead in a tubular form, used for the first time in Toledo, Spain, in
Stocking frame, the first hand-operated weft knitting machine was invented in 1589 by William Lee.
John Kay patents the flying shuttle in
Lewis Paul patents the draw roller in
Jedediah Strutt imprves Lee's stocking frame by adding a second set of needles and with that creating the rib frame.
James Hargreaves or Thomas Highs invent the spinning jenny in
and patent it in
John Kay invents the spinning frame.
Hand-operated warp knitting machine invented in
by Josiah Crane.
Richard Arkwright's invents water frame in
Samuel Wise improves the mechanization of W. Lee's stocking frame in
Spinning mule invented in
by Samuel Crompton.
invented power loom by Edmund Cartwright.
Dawson solves the mechanization of the warp knitting machine in
The first successful cotton spinning mill was established in the United States in
by Samuel Slater of Belper, at Pawtucket which marks the beginning of the "Rhode Island System".
Cotton gin patented by Eli Whitney in
Decroix patents the knitting machine with circular bearded needle.
Bleaching powder discovered and patented by Charles Tennant in
Joseph Marie Jacquard invented the Jacquard punched card loom in
Pierre Jeandeau patented the first latch needle which is used in knitting machine.
William Horrocks improves the power loom in
The first power loom in the United States was built in
by Paul Moody of the Boston Manufacturing Company which was the beginning of the "Waltham System".
Paul Moody develops new standard for U.S. mills: the leather belt and pulley power transmission system.
Barthélemy Thimonnier develops the first functional sewing machine in
Walter Hunt invented the lockstitch sewing machine in
, but because he didn’t like how it worked he did not patent it.
Bullough and Kenworthy developed “Lancashire Loom” which is a semi-automatic Power loom.
The first sewing machine in the United States was patented in
by John Greenough.
“Mason self-acting Mule” was patented by William Mason in
Matthew Townsend patents the variant of latch needle in
. I became the most widely used needle in weft knitting machines.
The first synthetic dye was invented by William Henry Perkin in
Thomas Jeacock patented in
the tubular pipe compound needle.
Luke Barton improved S. Wise's knitting machine with a self-acting narrowing mechanism.
"Paget-machine", a multi-head knitting machine called, patented in
by Arthur Paget.
Redgate invented a warp knitting machine in
, which works with vertical position latch needles.
William Cotton patented the straight bar knitting machine which was after that named after him - "Cotton machine".
The flat knitting machine using latch needles was patented in
by Isaac Wixom Lamb.
Clay invented the double-headed latch needle in
which is used for purl stitch knitting.
The circular knitting machine with vertical needles was patented by Mac Nary in
. It is used for making of socks and stockings with heel and toe pouches.
Henry Griswold improves the circular knitting machine by adding a second set of horizontal needles with which he enabed knitting of rib fabrics as cuff for socks.
Viscose invented in
by Cross, Bevan & Beadle.
Flat bed purl knitting machine was invented by Heinrich Stoll.
Spiers invented the circular bed purl knitting machine in
George Hattersley and Sons developed, so-called, Hattersley loom in
Heinrich Mauersberger invented the sewing-knitting technique and "Malimo" machine.
DuPont produced the first commercial polyester fiber in
Fiber reactive dye was invented in
in Czechoslovakia, open-end spinning was developed.